Sermon – The King’s Banquet

Over the last months you have heard sermons preached on the parables of Matthew.  But as we’ve gone through them they seem to be getting darker.  That’s mainly because we are approaching the Passion of Christ in Matthew and so naturally the gospel is taking a darker mood.  We have this week Jesus recalling his ministry in terms of a metaphor, a very rich metaphor that resonates with so much biblical material.  He describes his earthly ministry in terms of the king’s banquet, the wedding banquet.  Jesus uses a biblical metaphor that beautifully describes what is present in him:  the marriage of divinity and humanity in one person, the marriage of heaven and earth.  Meals are so significant in the bible, full of meaning.  Jesus, who Paul describes as the new Adam, gathers people together in table fellowship:  he is constantly eating and drinking with people who were outsiders.  He brings them back to the fold.  He’s the new Adam.  The old Adam is where in the Bible the rift began, and it too began with a meal – eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.  So the Bible material is framed by these two events like bookends, the first Adam creates a rift with God through a bad meal, the second Adam, the Christ, gathers us all together in a sacred meal where all are welcome to the banquet.

What Jesus does is fulfil the prophet Isaiah’s hope, his longing for a reunion between heaven and earth.

We heard the words of that longing hope this morning:  a reunion that is like a banquet with rich foods, choice wines, where the veil of sadness is lifted from the nations and the enmity between peoples is no longer there.  Christ came to the world to reconcile the nations, to bring us all to the table.  We are a Eucharistic people:  here we are, gathered at Jesus’ table and all are welcome.  We are gathered by Christ, we commune with him.  We fulfil Isaiah’s banquet here in this feast with the Lord.

Let’s go back to the parable.

The king wants to give a wedding banquet for his son.  In other words, the father wants to gather church around the son.  But what happens?  It says, they refuse to come.  So the king sends out servants to invite others to the banquet.  Who are the servants?  The servants are people like you and me – not just priests.  And as his servants, are we doing what we can to bring others to the banquet, the banquet of the Eucharist?  We cannot entrust this ministry solely to priests.  We are all called to be the servants of the King.

Are you invited to this wedding banquet of the Lord? Yes.  Every minute, every moment.  God calls you by name in many different ways:  through the words we’ve heard from the Bible, through the ministry of a priest, through fellowship with others in this community and through the Christian example of the Saints.  God even calls us to the banquet through the beauty of the earth itself – through a beautiful sunset perhaps.  But still, many refuse to respond to God’s call.

I think one of the saddest lines in the NT is from this parable:  but they refuse to come.

Ever invite someone to a party and you don’t get a response from them?

You wait to hear if they can come or cannot come, but they don’t bother to respond?  It hurts, doesn’t it?  It’s rude.  What this parable is trying to illustrate is how God feels when people do not respond to that invitation of his banquet.

And people have all sorts of excuses.  They may say, I’d like to come, but I’m just too busy for Church.  This happens in the parable too:  Some ignored the invitation and went away, one to his farm, another to his business.  Others are simply indifferent to the call.  But whatever the reason there is a lack of it being a priority:  I know that many people in society today are interested in spiritual things, but I think at the same time many have lost a way to build up their spiritual life – they are spiritually starved.  We, who are the body of Christ, must regain a confidence in our faith to say to others that God has laid a rich table for us – a banquet of rich food and fine wine and that spiritual banquet is Jesus himself who gives us life in abundance a life that is full of vitality and strength.

This parable is all about that tragedy that we find so often in human life – that God gives us an invitation to a better life, but sadly we turn our back on that invitation.

God freely gives us his grace, how often we refuse to freely receive it.

But, the parable I’m afraid, as it comes to an end grows even darker.

It says, go out into the streets, invite whomever you can find in the highways and hedges.  The servants do this, and they gathered all they found both good and bad alike and the hall was filled with guests.

So the first guests did not respond: Ok, but God doesn’t give up easy, he is relentless in his call, relentless in his grace to gather all the peoples together.  What I’m about to say may sound like blasphemy but it is true:  we do not come crawling to God in our religion – God comes crawling to us.  The mighty God comes down to us from his heavenly spendour to wash the feet of fishermen.  There is a grace flowing from God that is overwhelming when we open our hearts to him.

So, the king fills the banquet hall with the help of his servants.  But then we have this very odd ending to the parable, as if things haven’t been shocking enough already.  The king comes among his guests.  And he notices someone who is not properly dressed.  He does not have the wedding garment on.  And he says, friend, how is it you came in here without a wedding garment on?  When the man has nothing to say, the king throws him out.

The first thing that goes wrong in the spiritual life is that we refuse the invitation:  that’s the first part of the parable isn’t it.  The first basic problem is that we hear God’s call but we don’t respond to it, we don’t prioritise, we have so many other things to do that seem more important.  Now, what’s the second great tragedy for those in the spiritual life?  What’s the second thing that can go wrong?  It is that I do respond to the invitation, I say yes, Lord, I do want intimacy with you.

But then I don’t change.  The wedding garment here stands for the transformation of our lives.  God gives his grace, yes, we respond to his call, yes, but then we must change and transform our lives so that we can, in Paul’s language, put on the garment of love, put on the garment of justice, put on the forgiveness of enemies, put on the form of Jesus Christ.  The point is, you can’t just come to the banquet, expecting to remain unchanged.  No, conversion stands at the heart of this feast, a conversion that makes us examine our hearts and lives and be willing to change.  The wedding garment stands for discipleship.  It is so easy to come along to a gathering like this and to remain unimpressed, Meh.  Nothing happened.  My spiritual batteries weren’t charged. Charging your spiritual batteries is a far cry from a desire to become a disciple of Jesus, which is costly and requires us to change, change into the wedding garment of a new life with God.

This week, ask yourself two questions:  have I responded to God’s call?  And Secondly, have I begun to change, to be converted into the likeness of Christ?  Meditate on these two questions, revisit this parable through the week.  And may God bless you in doing so.  Amen.

Mothering Sunday 2020

Colossians 3:12-17 New Revised Standard Version, Anglicised, NRSVA

12 As God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, meekness, and patience. 13 Bear with one another and, if anyone has a complaint against another, forgive each other; just as the Lord[a] has forgiven you, so you also must forgive. 14 Above all, clothe yourselves with love, which binds everything together in perfect harmony. 15 And let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in the one body. And be thankful. 16 Let the word of Christ[b] dwell in you richly; teach and admonish one another in all wisdom; and with gratitude in your hearts sing psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs to God.[c] 17 And whatever you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.


There’s an expression, he’s all dressed up but with
nowhere to go. That might apply to me today: here I
am dressed for Sunday worship and only my wife and I
are in the church building. And yet, for all of our
outward appearances, however smartly we dress on the
outside, what God sees is something much more
important: God sees what you could call our ‘inner
clothing’. Usually our family, too, is sharp enough to see
through any public display we make, and recognize that
our character’s what counts. I’ve been trying, like a lot
of clergy, not to feel self-conscious for live streams on
Facebook, and thankfully I haven’t managed to set
myself on fire, not yet anyway. It reminds me though
that even though people have been looking at me, it’s
been for a necessary purpose, that of leading worship
for the community, and the priest is merely a symbol of
the church, gathered and scattered across the world.
So we have to be ready to respond to the way things are
in the world, to be all dressed up, even if we’ve got
nowhere to go. In our New Testament reading today,
St Paul listed a few of the spiritual gifts which make up
what we could call our ‘spiritual clothes’, our Sunday
best as it were, our best for Mother’s Day. Paul writes:
As God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, clothe
yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility,
meekness, and patience. Bear with one another and, if
anyone has a complaint against another, forgive each
other; just as the Lord has forgiven you, so you also
must forgive. Above all, clothe yourselves with love,
which binds everything together in perfect harmony.
We call the fourth Sunday in Lent, Mothering Sunday.
It’s a day for each of us to think about our mum,
whether she’s here or somewhere else, whether she’s
with us on earth or alive with Jesus in heaven. It’s a day
for saying thank you to Mum for all she’s done for us, by
giving her a card, or a bunch of flowers; by praying for
her; and by doing something special to please her. She’ll
be happy if we give her a present, or dress up to please
her. But she’ll be even more pleased if we put on our
best spiritual clothes. Because of the situation we find
ourselves in, it is time for all of us, everywhere to be
dressed for action.
So let’s list again the virtues St Paul says go to make up
our inner clothing:
• Clothe yourselves with compassion, he begins.
Compassion means ‘feeling with’ somebody; if you
understand what they’re feeling, you can treat them
• Kindness is gentleness; we like others to be kind to us,
so must treat them in the same way.
• Humility’s the opposite of pride; if you’re humble
you’re able to treat everyone with respect.
• Meekness is rather an off-putting word: it really means
having a soft and mild disposition, and willingly doing
what you’re asked; it’s a good character to develop on
Mothering Sunday.
• Patience with God, with other people, and with
yourself, is not being being in a hurry, but waiting for
things to develop in God’s good time. Take time for
prayer. We’re keen to fill up our days, even in a crisis.
It’s good to consider how this might be a spiritual
retreat, a time to remember what really matters most
in order for us to be fully alive.
• Bear with one another, writes St Paul, and, if anyone
has a complaint against another, forgive each other;
just as the Lord has forgiven you, so you also must
forgive. It’s devastating if families nurse a grudge
against each other; we’ve all done wrong things, so we
must be tolerant of the mistakes of others. Since we
are going to be in close quarters with members of our
families, we should be really mindful of the quality of
our communication.
• Above all, St Paul finishes, clothe yourselves with love,
which binds everything together in perfect harmony.
Fine clothes are no use if they’re falling off you; you
need a belt to hold them together. Fine deeds are
useless unless they’re done from a motive of love. We
owe everything to the love that our mothers showed
us when we were children; today we must show love
to mothers and other family members, and everyone
else we meet, even if we maintain a safe distance.
Show love and respect to others online – without
being sanctimonious. Then we shall not only look
good for Mothering Sunday; we’ll be good too.

Apollo 11 & Mary and Martha

The whole world will be reflecting on the extravagance and the wonder of the Apollo programme and in particular of the lunar landing, with the Eagle touching the surface of the moon on Sunday, July 20th, 1969.  50 years ago.  Frances and I took our boys to see the spectacular footage of the film that has documented the Apollo 11 journey to the moon, and I highly recommend it to you all.  There was a significant omission from the film, which was this.  The first food and drink consumed on the moon.  Buzz Aldrin had with him the blessed sacrament of Holy Communion.  

He radioed: Houston, this is Eagle.  This is the Lunar Module pilot speaking.  I would like to request a few moments of silence.  I would like to invite each person listening in, whoever or wherever he may be, to contemplate for a moment the events of the last few hours, and to give thanks in his own individual way.

Later, he wrote these words,

In the radio blackout, I opened the little plastic packages which contained the bread and the wine.  I poured the wine into the chalice our church had given me.  In the one-sixth gravity of the moon, the wine slowly curled and gracefully came up the sides of the cup.  Then I read the Scripture, “I am the vine, you are the branches.  Whosoever abides in me will bring forth much fruit.”  I had intended to read my communion passage back to earth but at the last minute Deke Slayton had requested that I not do this.  Nasa was already embroiled in a legal battle with Madelyn Murray O’Hare, the celebrated opponent of religion, over the Apollo 8 crew reading from Genesis while orbiting the moon at Christmas.  Eagle’s metal body creaked.  I ate the tiny host and swallowed the wine.  I gave thanks for the intelligence and spirit that had brought two young pilots to the Sea of Tranquility.  It was interesting for me to think: the very first liquid ever poured on the moon, and the very first food eaten there, were the communion elements.

Nasa kept this secret for two decades, and it wasn’t until Buzz Aldrin’s memoires were released that it became known.  The American Episcopal Church prepared a set of readings and a collect to commemorate the 40th Anniversary of the first communion on the moon.  It’s also there in the church calendar, as a way of commemorating those who died in the course of space exploration, among them a significant number of Anglicans.  

The collect reads:

Creator of the universe, your dominion extends through the immensity of space:  guide and guard those who seek to fathom its mysteries.  Save us from arrogance lest we forget that our achievements are grounded in you, and by the grace of your Holy Spirit, protect our travels beyond the reaches of earth, that we may glory ever more in the wonder of your creation: through Jesus Christ, your Word, by whom all things came to be, who with you and the Holy Spirit lives and reigns, one God, for ever and ever.  Amen.

Buzz Aldrin, who has been honoured through the Toy Story character, Buzz Lightyear, holds a doctorate from MIT, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and was acknowledged as one of the most highly educated of the first astronauts.  He is also a wonderful example of a scientist who is a committed Christian.  

Those three astronauts had plenty to stay busy with on their 8 day mission.  You could forgive them if they never stopped to pray, never stopping to think about God at all, because every minute of every hour of the mission was filled with practical tasks, system checks, attention to detail.  And yet, prayer and blessing seemed to be the hallmark of the mission.  It was common for people to say from Mission Control, God Bless or the more archaic phrase, Godspeed.   In the Apollo 11 film, President Nixon made a phonecall from the White House to Armstrong and Aldrin on the moon.  In his message he said (and I wont mimic his accent), And as you talk to us from the Sea of Tranquility it inspires us to redouble our efforts to bring peace and tranquillity to Earth.  For one priceless moment in the whole history of man, all the people of the Earth are truly one: one in their pride in what you have done, and one in our prayers that you will safely return to earth.

We may not feel that we are doing extraordinary things in our daily lives, but I’m sure that you often feel that life is full of busyness.  Emails to respond to, systems to check and maintain either at home or work, wrap around activity.  It is so easy to get focussed solely on the everyday distractions.  And then holidays come to distract us from work. And it may be that you feel that the busyness has a overarching purpose: to bring up a family, to prepare for a good retirement, to get the most our of life while you can.  Turning to the gospel, we have a pair of sisters who stand as symbols for you and for me, and the critical reminder from Jesus how important it is to stop.  We naturally want to pity Martha, running around doing the work whilst Mary, her sister just sits there and doesn’t lift a finger.  

But that’s not what Jesus sees.  Do you know anyone who throws a party or a meal and yet can never seem to sit down and enjoy the guests?  They seem unable to relax and be truly hospitable.  Often, guests can feel uncomfortable in the presence of someone like that.  Jesus can see it.  Martha, Martha, you are distracted by many things.  

I think this a necessary warning to us the readers of this gospel.  How easy it is for us to go through the whole of life being distracted by the many things that we must get on with.  But Jesus says no, don’t go through life without cultivating the one thing necessary, the one thing that brings every other aspect of life into sharp focus.  Relationship with God, and to be God’s friend. The thing that lasts even after this life is over.

Jesus can see that Martha’s life is all about the distractions, it’s about busy-ness, and keeping busy.  As a society it seems like we’ve made busy-ness into a kind of virtue, something that people should pat us on the back for.  That isn’t to say that being active is bad, just that it can end up being an end in itself and Jesus says, stop and listen to me.  Focus on the one thing that matters.  Life in me.  With Jesus at the centre of our focus everything else can then fall into place.  Storms will come, difficulties will continue to come our way, but we can face them without fear.  Mary in this story is anchored on Jesus, Martha is distracted by many things and has lost her focus.

We all need to find ways of being attentive to God, whether you are introverted or the life of the party, the Bible tells us again and again to listen.  Be still.  Be attentive to the word.  In doing this our desire for God will grow.  God will speak to us in the still small voice.  

True contemplation will lead us to right action, to doing things with a God-centred purpose.

I think of Buzz Aldrin as a modern day Mary, which sounds odd, but hopefully you get what I mean.  In a busy life, full of tasks which must be completed on time and with no room for mistakes, in order to be fully alive as God intended us to be, to find moments every day, and in the very least, on the Lord’s day, and sit in a sea of tranquillity and receive food for the journey, indeed what we know in the church as the food Jesus commanded us to take in order to remember him.  

In your busyness, sit at the feet of Jesus every day and submit to his teaching.  Jesus said, I am the vine, you are the branches.  Abide in me and you will bear fruit that will last.  Amen.